Social benefits and services

The Estonian National Social Insurance Board organises the payment of social benefits and the provision of services offered by the state to disabled people. The local government also provides many social services to its residents in need. In addition to the services required by law, the local government can offer additional benefits and services. The offer of these services and benefits depends on the possibilities offered by the local government. To find out more information about them, contact your city or rural municipality government.

In order to receive the state benefits, you have to submit an application to the Estonian National Social Insurance Board – you can submit this together with the application for determination of disability.

Social benefits for disabled persons are as follows:

  • Disabled child allowance – is paid until the child attains 16 years of age.
  • Disability allowance for a person of working age – is paid from the age of 16 until the person reaches retirement age.
  • Disability allowance for a person of retirement age – is paid to a disabled person of retirement age.
  • Disabled parent’s allowance – is paid to one disabled parent or a disabled person who is raising a child alone.
  • Education allowance – is paid to a disabled student who attends upper secondary school in years 10 to 12 or who attends a vocational school or institution or an institution of higher education. Education allowance is not paid in July and August.
  • In-service training allowance – is paid for in-service training received for the purpose of professional development.

In addition, the use of public transport vehicles without charge in Estonia is laid down in law – it applies to disabled children of up to 16 years of age, persons with a profound disability and at least 16 years of age, persons with a severe visual disability, and a person accompanying a person with a profound or severe visual disability (including the guide dog).